Looking to have health check ups conducted, diagnostic centres or clinical laboratories, as they are also known as are the centers to visit. These test result aid in diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of ailments that the patient may be suffering from. Doctors highly recommend health check ups to be done regularly. Most of the time, patients visit centers like these in order to conduct blood tests that determine the blood count white blood cells and red blood cells, sugar levels, thyroid levels, cholesterol, Hemoglobin, Calcium, etc. When one is unable to visit the clinic to get the tests done, these centers offer to have the tests conducted at the residence of the patient’s. One can either choose to pick up the test results from the center itself or have the blood tests sent online. Some pathlabs also offer package tests at fairly reasonable prices.
Infection with a pathogen does not necessarily lead to immediate sickness as infection occurs when viruses, bacteria or other microbes enter the body of a person and begin to multiply and the infected person falls sick when their body cells are damaged by the invasion of pathogens or microbes that have entered the body. Doctors prescribe various diagnostic tests based on the symptoms visible or medical condition explained by the patient to determine the cause of illness and impact of invasion by pathogens or microorganisms and prepare a line of treatment based on the diagnostic reports. A diagnostic centre can be defined as a medical facility that provides all modalities of medical diagnosis under one roof. Instead of visiting various pathological labs and imaging centres to get the prescribed medical tests done most people prefer visiting diagnostic centres in city> that offer a comprehensive range of pathology, cardiology, ultrasound, radiology, health check-ups and a host of other value added services under a single roof to patients. Diagnostic tests can help health care professionals determine the treatment procedure that needs to be followed to curb the pathogen invasion and provide relief to the ailing patient.
Medical tests conducted at diagnostic centers
Diagnostic centres are equipped with modern laboratory and other medical equipment that are required to conduct various medical tests and backed with a team of well-trained medical staff to guide and assist people who visit these centres. Some of the medical tests conducted at diagnostic centres are:
COVID RT-PCR test
RT PCR is a highly sensitive test which make use of real-time Reverse Transcriptase (RT)-PCR diagnostic panels to detect the presence specific pathogens of SARS-CoV-2 in the patient’s respiratory system. The samples for this test are collected through swabs from the nasal pathway or the mouth.
Echocardiography is a test that captures live images of the heart and helps in monitoring the functioning of the heart valves and arteries.
Venous Doppler ultrasound
Doppler ultrasound is a test used to examine the flow of blood in the veins present in the arms and legs with the help of high frequency sound waves. This test helps in the detection of blood clots, arterial occlusion, venous insufficiency and such other medical conditions.
A computerized tomography (CT) scan is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to get detailed X-ray images of the body using a computer process to create cross-sectional images of the bones, soft tissues and blood vessels. CT scans at diagnostic centres Hyderabad has, are performed by radiographers or radiology technologists.
C-reactive protein (CRP) Test
C-reactive protein is an annular pentameric protein found in blood plasma. This protein is produced by liver as a defence mechanism when there is an inflammation in the body. High level of CRP in the blood is an indication of inflammation in the body or arteries of the heart. C-reactive protein is a test that monitors the cause and severity of infection in the body which has led to inflammation.
Kidney Function Test
The kidneys present at the bottom of the ribcage at either sides of the back perform an essential task for filtering and purifying blood. The kidneys also help in the excretion of water and other waste products in the form of urine. Kidney Function Test are conducted to check the performance of the kidneys. This test measures the level of electrolytes, proteins, glucose (sugar) in the body.
Homocysteine is an amino acid which is converted into cysteine or methionine which are essential nutrients of the body using vitamin B12. Homocysteine Tests are conducted to assess the levels of vitamin B12. Inflated levels of homocysteine in the blood may indicate a heart disease, vitamin deficiency, folate deficiency and such other medical conditions.
Ferritin Serum Test
Ferritin that is present within red blood cells is a protein responsible for storing iron and releasing it in controlled amounts. Ferritin Serum Test is a medical test conducted to check the levels of iron deposits in the body. This test detects low or high levels of ferritin in the blood helping diagnose anaemia, iron overload, liver disease, leukaemia, etc.
Cholesterol is an essential component that coats the cells and the cell membrane and helps in the digestion of fats. A lipid profile test is a collective test that involves estimation of LDL, HDL, VLDL and Triglycerides levels in the body commonly known as total blood cholesterol. Lipid profile test is conducted to assess an individual’s risk for heart disease atherosclerosis and stroke.
Health check-up packages
To help detect an ailment in the initial stages diagnostic centres have designed several full body check-up and general health check-up packages that include tests like lipid profile test, calcium levels, kidney function test, blood sugar test, and several other tests that helps avoid the risk of any health issues to the person.
Importance of a diagnostic centre
Pollution, bad eating habits, stress, lack of physical exercise and low immunity are some of the factors that have affected the quality of health of several people who frequently get sick. Early diagnosis and timely detection are the foundation of disease management. A disease that is detected in its formative stage improves the effectiveness of the treatment and avoids long-term complications for the infected patient. To rule out the possibility of developing major life threatening diseases among people doctors recommend various medical tests. The diagnostic process involves clinical reasoning and observing the symptoms to determine the health problems of the patient. Medical representatives at Hyderabad diagnostic centres provide complete medical advice to visiting patients along with diagnostic services through well-equipped pathology labs and X-ray, CT scan and MRI machines. Patients can pre-book an appointment and get all the medical tests done at a diagnostic centre, without having to visit different medical centres to get all test done or just walk-in to a diagnostic centre with a recommendation letter from a certified doctor for all the medical tests. These centres mail the reports of the medical tests on the registered e-mail address and inform the patient via SMS after sending the e-mail.